ARWU considers every university that has any Nobel Laureates, Fields Medalists, Highly Cited Researchers, or papers published in Nature or Science. In addition, universities with significant amount of papers indexed by Science Citation Index-Expanded (SCIE) and Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) are also included. In total, more than 2000 universities are actually ranked and the best 1000 are published.
Universities are ranked by several indicators of academic or research performance, including alumni and staff winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, highly cited researchers, papers published in Nature and Science, papers indexed in major citation indices, and the per capita academic performance of an institution. For each indicator, the highest scoring institution is assigned a score of 100, and other institutions are calculated as a percentage of the top score. The distribution of data for each indicator is examined for any significant distorting effect; standard statistical techniques are used to adjust the indicator if necessary. Scores for each indicator are weighted as shown below to arrive at a final overall score for an institution. The highest scoring institution is assigned a score of 100, and other institutions are calculated as a percentage of the top score. An institution’s rank reflects the number of institutions that sit above it.
|Quality of Education||Alumni of an institution winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals||Alumni||10%|
|Quality of Faculty||Staff of an institution winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals||Award||20%|
|Highly Cited Researchers||HiCi||20%|
|Research Output||Papers published in Nature and Science*||N&S||20%|
|Papers indexed in Science Citation Index-Expanded and Social Science Citation Index||PUB||20%|
|Per Capita Performance||Per capita academic performance of an institution||PCP||10%|
|Dentistry & oral sciences||201-300||201-300||same|
|Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical sciences||201-300||201-300||same|
|Energy science and engineering||401-500||301-400||Up|
|Electrical and electronic engineering||401-500||NA||down|