(A) Group: Applied and Organic Chemistry
C 511 Dyes, Polymers and Textile Chemistry
(a) Dyes: Color – VB and MO approaches to color – Nomenclature of dyes – Classification of dyes - Color chemistry – Color and vision – Mechanism of vision – Dyes and dyeing – Acid-base indicators – Natural color – Fluorescence and chemiluminescence.
(b) Polymers: Some types of polymerization – Description of individual polymers – Processing of polymeric materials – Molding, extrusion, blow molding, sheet forming and casting.
(c) Textile Chemistry: Textile materials – Natural polymers – Synthetic polymers – Condensation polymers - addition polymers – Natural polymers – Fine structure of polymers.
C 512 Petrochemicals, Insecticides and Pollution
(a) Petrochemicals: Composition of petroleum – Physical and chemical properties of petroleum – Some technical properties – Petrochemicals derived from alkenes – Naphthalene and aromatic hydrocarbons.
(b) Insecticides: Some insecticides – Organophosphorus compounds – Foundation of modern pest control – Carbamate pesticides – Metabolic reactions and metabolism – Residue methodology.
(c) Pollution: Organolead compounds – Organotin compounds – Organomercury compounds – Air pollution – Industry and air pollution – Pollutant’s pathway in the atmosphere.
C 513 Preparation and Structural Analysis of Organic Compounds
(a) Infrared Spectroscopy: Types of vibrations – Origin of absorption in the fundamental region – Position of group frequency – Factors affecting group frequencies.
(b) Ultraviolet and Visible Spectroscopy: Energy and electromagnetic spectrum – Electronic spectroscopy – General features of absorption spectra in relation to chemical structure.
(c) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Basic concepts – Instrumentation – Chemical shift and shielding – Factors affecting chemical shifts.
(d) Mass Spectroscopy: Basic principles – Instrumentation – Molecular ions-MS-GS system.
(e) Synthetic Chemistry: Oxidation – Reduction – Reactions – Mechanisms.
C 514 Practical Exercises
Purification of organic compounds – Synthesis of some organic compounds – Preparation of dyes, polymers and insecticides – Isolation of some natural products – Training in the petroleum laboratories – Training in the insecticides and pesticides laboratories – Training in the textile and dyes laboratories.
(B) Group: Applied and Physical Inorganic
C 521 Instrumental analysis and Radiochemistry
(a) Instrumental analysis:
1) Spectrochemical methods: Ultraviolet and visible – Fluorescence, phosphorescence and chemiluminescence – Atomic absorption – Flame emission – X-Ray fluorescence – X-Ray diffraction – X-Ray absorption – Applications.
2) Electroanalytical methods: Potentiometry – Electrometry – Conductometry – Amperometry – Coulometry – Polarography – Applications.
3) Chromatography methods: Paper – Thin layer – Column – Ion exchange – Gas/Liquid – Hight performance liquid chromatography – applications.
(b) Radiochemistry: Radio activity and nuclear power – Fundamental particles – Isotope effects and separation of isotopes – Applications – Radioactive tracers in analytical chemistry – Effects of radiation on solids.
C 522 Industrial Processes, Inorganic Dyes and Pollution
(a) Unit process: Industrial nitration – Halogenation – Sulphuration – Oxidation – Industrial pressure catalysis.
(b) Inorganic dyes + pigments: Metallic phthalocyanine.
(c) Pollution: Air, Water and Soil pollution (Sources, Types, Protection and Detection).
C 531 Surface Chemistry, Silica and Cement
(a) Surface Chemistry: Phase-phase interactions – Applications based on surface and absorption surface – Technological applications - Characteristics of liquid surface – Absorption of surface-active agents at interfaces – Surfactants – Properties of surfactants and their applications – Types of preparation.
(b) Silica: Structure of silica – surface functionality (Si-O-Si/Si-OH) – Types of different SiOH – Activity of different surface functionality – Study of surface activity of silica by IR – Surface configuration
(c) Cement: Portland cement; classification and manufacture – Cement component and their phase relation – Hydration, setting and hardening of Portland cement - Physiochemical and mechanical properties of Portland cements – Production of low energy cements – Pozzolana and Pozzolanic cement – Blast furnace slag cement – Calcium aluminate cements – Special cements.
C 501 Practical Exercise