P 511 Power Reactors and Nuclear Electronics
(a) Power Reactors: Nuclear stability - Fission theory - Reactor theory - Fuel materials -Control-rod materials- Moderator and reflector materials - Coolants - Structural and cladding materials - Radiation damage to materials - Classification of reactors - Pressurized water reactors - Boiling water reactors - Sodium coolant graphite - Moderated reactors - Homogeneous reactors - Breeder reactors - Gas cooled reactors- Organic moderated reactors.
(b) Nuclear Electronics: Interaction of nuclear radiation with matter - Ionization chambers and counters – Track detectors - The scintillation counters - Electronic circuits - Practical experiments.
P 512 Theoretical Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Spectroscopy
(a) Theoretical Nuclear Physics: Theory of beta decay and alpha decay - Gamma ray spectroscopy - Collective model - Rotational and vibrational spectra - Internal conversion coefficients.
(b) Nuclear Spectroscopy (a): Nuclear moments, Parity and statistics - Nuclear magnetic dipole moments - Anomalous magnetic moments of free nucleons - Electric quadrupole moments - Conservation of parity and angular momentum - Lifetime in beta decay - Radiative transitions in nuclei - Internal conversion -Nuclear isomers - The liquid drop model - Single particle of the nucleus - Excited states and the shell model - Collective motion - Rotational states.
(C) Nuclear Spectroscopy (b): Vibrational states - Nuclear techniques in materials and medicine - Magnetic properties of solids and the atomic theory of magnetism - Interaction of radiation with matter and biological cells - Hyperfine interaction Techniques: Atomic beam: Fluorescence spectroscopy - Magnetic resonance - Nuclear magnetic resonance - Mass spectroscopy - Positron annihilation techniques (PAT): Angular correlation of annihilation radiation - Imaging techniques- Gamma ray imaging - Positron emission tomography (PET).
P 513 Biological Effects of Radiation and Protection
(a) Biological Effects of Radiation and Protection (a): Absorbed dose - Dose Equivalent – Dose Rate - Flux – Activity - Natural and man-made radiation - The system of dose limitation: The role and recommendations of the ICRP -Recommended - Abnormal exposure in emergencies of accidents - Radiation detection and measurement - Measurement of resolving time: Thermoluminescent dosimeter - Neutron dosimetry - Albedo neutron dosimeter.
(b) Biological Effects of Radiation and Protection (b): Cell biology - The interaction of radiation with cells - The external radiation hazard.
(c) Biological Effects of Radiation and Protection (c): The internal radiation hazard - The law of Bergonie and tribondeau - Radio responsiveness and radiosensitivity - Tissue growth - The cell cycle cell population kinetics - Pulse labeling of DNA - Tumor cell kinetics – Synchronization - Cell survival curves - Cell survival through the cell cycle - Interphase death and lymphocytes - Recovery from radiation damage.- Acute radiation syndromes - Late effects on normal tissues.
P 514 Practical Course